5 Key Steps for Building Wealth in Your 50s
Updated: Sep 7, 2021
Building wealth in your 50s means you’re now seriously preparing yourself for retirement. Hopefully you’ve been investing aggressively, saving much of your money, keeping debt low, and living a somewhat frugal lifestyle.
Still, your journey to building great wealth is far from finished. There are many steps you can still take to make sure you can have the retirement of your dreams.
In this article, we will look at five key steps for you to continue building wealth in your 50s. Before that, however, let’s review what you should have been doing up to now.
Building Wealth Throughout Your Life: A Review
Building wealth in your 50s is based on the foundation of wealth you’ve built up previously in your life. I have posted a series of articles on how to do that, which you can find here:
I highly encourage you to read each of these articles in full, however, I do have a quick recap for you. Some of the major steps you should have been taking along the way include:
Building six months of emergency fund reserves
Getting rid of bad debt and minimizing good debt
Saving at least 30% of your net pay or more per month
Investing as much as possible in the stock market.
Those articles are filled with many other tips for making the most of your income and building wealth throughout your life. Now we can continue on with the 5 key steps to building wealth in your 50s.
1. Keep College Costs Down
If you have children, there’s a good chance that some or all of them are in college, or graduate school now. Keeping education costs relatively low is essential for building wealth in your 50s.
Of course, you may want to help your children shoulder the burden of college, and there’s certainly nothing wrong with that. Still, there are many ways to keep college costs low.
One way is to let the kids live at home and attend a local school. The price of room and board at state colleges is $8,887 on average, while for private schools it’s $10,089 per year.
Generally, state schools can provide an excellent education at a far lower cost than private schools. In fact, the best state schools are far better than many of the private colleges and universities across the country.
Another way is to make sure you are taking advantage of financial aid, especially in the form of packages you don’t have to pay back, like work-study programs and scholarships. Lastly, try not to take out more student loans than you absolutely need to for your kids.
2. Invest Your Raises and Bonuses
Hopefully by now, you’re used to saving and investing a lot of the money you earn. The average 50-something household, up to age 55, has an average savings balance of $124,831. On average, if you’re between 55 and 61 years old, it’ll be closer to $163,577.
At this point, whether you’re a wage worker, salaried employee, or entrepreneur, it’s likely that you are getting closer to the twilight of your career.
Your earnings from your primary work will likely never be much higher. If you do earn significant raises or bonuses at this stage, plan to make sure you are saving or investing most of it.
However, you are allowed to live a bit! There’s certainly nothing wrong with taking a vacation, or splurging on a big-screen television. Just make sure you are budgeting for it, and certainly don't use your retirement savings to pay for it.
Especially now is not the time to give up on building wealth, even though you’re in your 50s. Keep going, live as frugally as you can, and continue to make wise money and investing decisions throughout this decade.
3. Do Not Raid Your 401(k)
If at some point you have a major expense – a second home or a Harvard tuition bill for your child – you may be tempted to raid your 401(k) and take out a loan against your earnings.
DO NOT DO IT!
Thanks to the magical power of compound interest, your 401(k) and other retirement accounts (such as a Roth IRA) should be earning you more wealth than ever. This is a major key to building wealth in your 50s.
The median 401(k) balance of a 50-something individual is $220,188. Your capital is likely bigger than ever, and you’re likely earning unprecedented compounding growth.
Your wealth grows exponentially in your later years as you invest. Therefore, it’s best not to do anything to disrupt the earning power of your 401(k). To see this firsthand, check out this free investment calculator.
Also, it is very important not to take on more debt in your 50s if you can avoid it. If you need more cash, the best thing to do now is to try to find ways to cut down on your expenses. You could even consider downsizing your house or getting rid of a car to save more money each month.
Step 4. Take Advantage of Annual Catch-Up Contributions
Did you know that when you are building wealth in your 50s, you can take advantage of catch-up contributions to build up your retirement accounts even faster?
If you are age 50 or over, you can now contribute up to an extra $6,500 to your 401(k) per year. You can also do this in some other retirement accounts, including a 403(b) plan and most 457 plans.
5. Build Wealth by Investing in Some High-Quality Stocks
The final step to building wealth in your 50s is to invest in some high-quality stocks. Now, you may be thinking to yourself, isn’t that what I’ve been doing all these years?
Well, it may be. On the other hand, you may have been invested in something like a target-date fund in your 401(k). Or, perhaps you may have been essentially investing in the stock market as a whole with an ETF like the Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund (ARCA: VTI).
Investing in broad index ETFs can be a great investing strategy for much of your built-up wealth. However, if you’re really looking to outperform the market with at least some of your investment money, an index fund isn’t going to cut it.
Instead, you might want to invest this portion of money in a handful of high-quality stocks. Ideally, you can diversify your holdings so they are not all in one industry like tech or pharmaceuticals.
By this time, hopefully, you are in the home stretch. You can almost taste pure financial freedom – the ability to live your life fully, on your own terms and without having to worry about your day job or earning that bi-weekly paycheck.
If you are behind on your retirement savings, that’s okay. You still have time to catch up by cutting your expenses as much as possible, saving zealously and investing aggressively.
Building wealth in your 50s will help you achieve the financial freedom you’ve always been looking for and get you ready for the retirement of your dreams...so enjoy the ride.
Read Next: 5 Steps to Building Wealth in Your 60s